The oesophagus is the tube that transports food from the mouth to the stomach. Acid is produced by the gastric glands in the stomach and is required for digestion. A burning feeling may be felt below the breastbone when the stomach glands produce too much acid. The term “acidity” is widely used to describe this condition.
What is Acidity?
When stomach acid or bile flows back into the oesophagus, it may irritate the tube lining that carries food to the stomach. This condition is known as acid reflux or acidity. When the gastric glands produce too much acid, the stomach becomes acidic. When the secretion is excessive, we get heartburn, a condition often brought on by eating spicy meals.
If you have acid reflux more than twice a week, your doctor may diagnose you with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Dangers associated with long-term acidity include, but are not limited to:
The oesophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. It may be damaged when stomach acid rises and enters it, causing oesophagal ulcers, oesophagitis, oesophagal strictures, and Barrett’s Oesophagus.
If you have a family history of oesophagal cancer, you have a higher chance of developing the disease yourself.
Tooth decay/cavities Acid reflux may eat away your tooth enamel, causing cavities.
The most typical sign of acidity is a burning feeling in the chest, which is precisely what happens.
Causes of Acidity include
- Chest, stomach, or throat pain with a burning feeling
- Colonic or Gastric Distension
- Gargling with a Bad Breath
- Feelings of nausea and vomiting
- Feeling full too quickly after eating.
- Abnormally frequent belching
- The process through which partially digested food is re-ingested by the body.
- The Most Frequent Roots of Acidity
- Skipping meals or eating at inconvenient times
Poor dietary choices include excessive caffeine, alcohol, refined carbohydrates, trans fats, and saturated fats found in fast food, fried foods, and other fatty foods.
Problems with the digestive tract include heartburn, GERD, and ulcers. A poor habit or set of habits, such as overworking, undersleeping, smoking, or binge drinking.
How Can Acidity Be Treated?
Fortunately, acid reflux may be managed effectively. However, medicines and behavioural modifications are also necessary. Let’s get into this matter a little more.
Acid reflux may be treated with several over-the-counter drugs. And although that could help in the near term, you should see a doctor develop a more permanent solution that addresses the root causes of your illness.
2. Time and sleep place
It’s beneficial to give yourself at least two to three hours between meals and bedtime. This aids digestion and helps keep acid reflux at bay. The acidity of your body may be affected, of all things, by the height and angle of your bed. This is because having your stomach align with your oesophagus increases your risk of acid reflux. To avoid this, prop up the head of the bed with a few rolled-up towels (10-20 cm in height).
3. Try to reduce your weight
Obesity has been linked to extreme acidity, as we discussed before. Therefore, you must do all in your power to avoid it. Starting with exercising at least four times a week and avoiding deep-fried, greasy, and somewhat unhealthy food by eating plenty of fibre, protein, and healthy fats can get you on the right track.
4. See a dietitian
Regular heartburn is a sign that you should see a nutritionist. They’ll help you identify your food sensitivities and develop a balanced eating plan that’s right for you. Changing your diet to include more alkaline foods can make you feel better immediately and aid in your efforts to lose weight healthfully over time.
Natural Home Remedies for Acidity
1. Fennel, also known as Saunf
Fennel powder, taken in doses of around one teaspoon, effectively reduces acidity and the associated symptoms of heartburn, bloating, and poor digestion.
2. Black Cumin Seeds
You may either chew on some cumin seeds or boil a teaspoonful of them in some water to consume if you have acid reflux.
The digestive system benefits from consuming black cumin seeds. Acidity and associated symptoms, such as heartburn, discomfort, nausea, bloating, constipation, etc., may be alleviated or avoided with their help.
You may alleviate acidity and related symptoms (flatulence, indigestion, nausea, stomach irritation, etc.) by sucking on a clove.
4. Warm Water
If acid reflux keeps you awake at night, try drinking a glass of lukewarm water on an empty stomach before turning in.
5. Watermelon Juice
Watermelon juice helps reduce stomach acid and aids digestion, so it’s a win-win.
6. Seasoning cardamom
Daily use of a single cardamom pod has been shown to alleviate acid reflux, gas, and bloating.
7. Apple Cider Vinegar
Proteins, enzymes, and pectin are all included in apple cider vinegar, making it an extremely healthy food choice. For those who believe that low stomach acid levels contribute to acid reflux, consuming vinegar may help.
Almonds’ high nutritional and fibre content may help lower acid reflux risk and neutralise stomach acid. Despite the lack of robust clinical evidence, almonds’ nutritional profile suggests they are beneficial. Acidity problems are related to eating habits and hunger in the broader sense. Due to their great nutritious content, almonds may aid in controlling these variables.
Because of the potassium and magnesium included in jaggery, it may be precisely what you need to settle your rumbling stomach. Potassium stimulates the stomach mucous and helps keep the pH level steady. You’ll feel better and avoid an acid overload if you do this. Magnesium is essential for a healthy digestive tract since it helps prevent acidity and other digestive problems.
10. Mint Leaves
Mint leaves have a cooling impact on the body and help digestion. Mint leaves are an easy and elegant way to treat acid reflux in the short term and over the long haul.
Buttermilk’s lactic acid helps stabilise stomach acid and relieves discomfort. Acid reflux is quickly alleviated by drinking buttermilk seasoned with black pepper and ground coriander.
Acid reflux and associated symptoms may be avoided with the use of ginger, either by chewing raw ginger or drinking ginger tea. It’s a digestive help as well.
Bananas have been shown to alleviate heartburn by neutralising stomach acid. Banana and milk together may reduce stomach acid production.
Since papaya inhibits the production of stomach acid, it may alleviate acid indigestion. The papain enzyme in papaya is responsible for this result.
Ajwain may be used to alleviate acid reflux and bloating. It is a powerful anti-acidic agent and aids digestion.
16. Cold Milk
A glass of chilled milk is a quick fix for acid reflux.
17. Baking Soda
When taken as a solution of 1/2 teaspoon baking soda in 1/2 cup water, this may alleviate acidity and heartburn almost immediately.
We may get some relief from acid reflux and other heartburn symptoms by including turmeric in our daily diet.
19. Sleep on your left side.
If you’re still having trouble after trying the aforementioned food-related strategies, you may always resort to non-dietary approaches, such as switching to left-side sleeping. This strategy’s success in controlling acidity may be attributed to anatomical considerations. Since the oesophagus connects to the stomach on the right side, sleeping on our left side raises the lower oesophageal sphincter, preventing stomach acid from entering the oesophagus.
Stomach acid covers this sphincter while you lay on your right side, increasing the likelihood of acid reflux.
20. Chew some gum.
Some research suggests that the bicarbonate in the gum may help neutralise acid and prevent reflux when chewed for a while. Chewing gum may lead to more excellent saliva production, which can aid in cleaning the oesophagus; however, more robust research is needed to support this result.
21. Raise your head when sleeping
Elevating your bed’s head may alleviate acid reflux problems by changing your sleeping posture. Researchers found that persons who slept with a wedge to prop up their upper body had less acid reflux than those who were flat throughout the night.
Additionally, adjusting your way of life in specific ways might aid in the fight against acidity. In order, they are:
- Involve yourself in physical activity by doing something you like, such as swimming, cycling, dancing, or your preferred sport.
- Reduce your daily caloric intake by eating many modest meals.
- Try to eat supper at least two hours before bedtime.
- To avoid gaining weight, the best thing to do is to eat slowly and thoroughly chew your meal.
- Restrain yourself from going to sleep just after eating.
- If you’re overweight or obese, you need to shed some pounds.
- Raise the top of the bed so that you’re not laying flat.
- Quit using tobacco products and drinking excessively.
Foods that are high in uric acid should be avoided.
- Extremely hot and oily food
- Coffee, tea, and iced beverages
- Raw garlic with onions
- Fruits that contain citric acids, such as lemons, oranges, and kiwis
- Products that aren’t good for you, such as junk food.
Most of us suffer acidity or acid reflux at some point in our lives; for some people, it’s a daily occurrence. The release of gases often accompanies acidity. Indeed, the converse is also possible. Consuming bad meals while drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes is the leading cause of acid reflux. A frequent sign of acid reflux is a burning feeling in the chest after eating food high in fat and spice.
Wrapping It Up
Home remedies might help ease the pain from the excess acid as long as the symptoms are moderate. Adjusting your way of living may also manage your acid reflux. However, you may require urgent medical assistance if your symptoms are severe. The condition of acid reflux is not life-threatening.
However, there are additional health issues that persistent acidity may create that can harm the oesophagus. It is easy to mistake acid reflux for other, more severe chest conditions. If your acidity symptoms do not subside after taking medication, you should see a doctor.